Cyberharassment and attacking individuals

Cyberharassment is a form of harassment using electronic means. It is also called online bullying. Harmful bullying behaviour can include posting rumours, threats, and sexual remarks as well as sharing a victim’s personal information and unauthorised access to a victim’s online accounts.

Cyberbullies may set up websites or blogs to post the target’s images and publicise their personal information. Sharing private identifying information is also called ‘doxing’. There are websites on the dark web specifically designed for doxing.

The dark web provides anonymity to publish real or fake identifying information about the victim. On dark ‘revenge porn’ websites, sexual photos or videos of someone can be shared online without their consent. A popular revenge porn website Pink Meth operated for years on the dark web. The site was designed for posting explicit pictures of former partners.

Because the dark web offers anonymity and is resilient to online censorship, it is very difficult to take down content after it is released.

Exposed people may be targeted for harassment through methods such as harassment in person, fake pizza deliveries to the home address or the so-called swatting, where someone calls the police about a serious crime taking place and armed police forces raid the victim’s house.

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